Foreign investors whom set-up company in Vietnam always face challenges to understand the tax system in Vietnam. The below briefly explains type of taxes in Vietnam for regular enterprises. In special cases, foreign enterprises are suggested to consult with tax lawyers in Vietnam before establishment and during the operation to ensure compliance.
Major taxes which enterprises including both local and foreigners are subject to are corporate income tax, import and export taxes, and value added tax, and their employees are subject to personal income tax. Other taxes might be applicable depending on nature of business, such as natural resource tax, special consumption tax, and foreign contractor tax.
Corporate income tax (CIT) is governed under Vietnam Law on Corporate Income Tax. CIT is calculated by multiplying assessable income with the CIT rate. Assessable income is the difference between sales revenue and deductable expenses. In general, CIT tax rate in Vietnam is currently 22% and will be reduced to 20% starting Jan 1st, 2016.
Export and Import tax are governed under Vietnam Law on Export tax and Import tax. Export of finished goods is encouraged and export tax is 0%. Import tax will be as import tax tariff published by the government unless exempted for reasons of import to process for export, import to create fixed assets other other cases as the laws regulated.
Value added tax (VAT) is governed under Vietnam Law on Value added tax, applicable to goods and services sold in Vietnam. VAT is calculated by multiplying taxable price and VAT rate. The most common VAT rate is 10%. The rate level of 5% and 0% are applicable in certain cases.
Personal income tax (PIT) is governed under Vietnam Law on Personal income tax. Tax payers are resident, which taxable income includes income generated both inside and outside of Vietnam; and non non-resident, which taxable income includes income generated from Vietnam, regardless of the place where it is paid or received.